State’s Progress on 5 Million Zero Emission Vehicles (ZEV) by 2030

As part of the AB 32 climate change program, Executive Order B-48-18 administratively created a goal of 5 million zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) on California roads by 2030. This action expands on the prior Executive Order B-16- 2012,... Read more
As part of the AB 32 climate change program, Executive Order B-48-18 administratively created a goal of 5 million zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) on California roads by 2030. This action expands on the prior Executive Order B-16- 2012, which set a goal of 1.5 million by 2025, with a sub-goal that their market share is expanding at that point. While these goals were set administratively, they are embodied in the state’s climate change strategies, and both public and utility ratepayer funds are being used to create the refueling infrastructure required for these motorists. Rather than only true ZEVs, the numbers in the Executive Order and previous interpretations by the agencies indicate the goal is to be achieved by both BEVs that run only on electricity and combustion PHEVs that run on both electricity and motor fuels. Consequently, only a portion of the vehicles being counted to meet the zero emission goal—roughly half based on current sales volumes—will in fact produce zero emissions when driven. Additionally, FCEVs (fuel cell electric vehicles) also would count towards the ZEV total, but CNCDA data show total market share for these vehicles to date at around 0.1%. 
Using this more flexible interpretation that includes both true ZEVs and combustion PHEVs, total PEV sales since 2009 account for 11.9% of the 2030 goal. True ZEV sales, however, account for only 6.7%. In addition to the distortion that comes from including combustion vehicles in the ZEV total, the Executive Orders also refer to ZEVs on California roads while the agency accountings rely on sales as the measure of progress. Using prior Energy Commission reviews to account for ZEVs no longer on the roads as a result of accidents, moves out of state, and other factors that over time remove vehicles from the active fleet, the actual progress rate consistent with the Executive Order language of “vehicles on California’s roads” would be 11.0% rather than the 11.9% shown in the chart below. Read less
Sacramento, CA ( Global)
November 5, 2019

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Edmund Brown

Governor of California
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IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that all State entities work with the private sector and all appropriate levels of government to put at least 5 million zero-emission vehicles on California roads by 2030.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that all State entities work with the private sector and all appropriate levels of government to spur the... Read more

IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that all State entities work with the private sector and all appropriate levels of government to put at least 5 million zero-emission vehicles on California roads by 2030.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that all State entities work with the private sector and all appropriate levels of government to spur the construction and installation of 200 hydrogen fueling stations and 250,000 zero-emission vehicle chargers, including 10,000 direct current fast chargers, by 2025.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that all State entities continue to partner with regional and local governments to streamline zero-emission vehicle infrastructure installation processes wherever possible. As part of this effort, the Governor’s Office of Business and Economic Development shall publish a Plug-in Charging Station Development Guidebook and update the 2015 Hydrogen Station Permitting Guidebook.

IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that all State entities, in carrying out programs under their authorities, shall collaborate with stakeholders to implement this order, including but not limited to taking the following actions:

 • Update the 2016 Zero-Emission Vehicle Action plan to help expand private investment in zero-emission vehicle infrastructure, particularly in low income and disadvantaged communities.

 • Recommend actions that boost zero-emission vehicle infrastructure to strengthen the economy and create jobs in the State of California.

 • Recommend ways to expand zero-emission vehicle infrastructure through the Low Carbon Fuel Standard Program.

 • Support and recommend policies and actions that make it easier for people to install electric vehicle chargers in their homes and businesses.

 • Ensure electric vehicle charging and hydrogen fueling are affordable and more accessible to all drivers.

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ZEV Report for California Center for Jobs and the Economy

November 5, 2019

ZEV and ZEV component producers requiring new facilities have instead gone to other states and countries providing the timing certainty on development decisions required by such a rapidly changing industry. Tesla chose Nevada for its Gigafactory 1 for this reason. Announcements from other companies since the last quarter... Read more

November 5, 2019

ZEV and ZEV component producers requiring new facilities have instead gone to other states and countries providing the timing certainty on development decisions required by such a rapidly changing industry. Tesla chose Nevada for its Gigafactory 1 for this reason. Announcements from other companies since the last quarter include: 

 • BloombergNEF’s most recent Electric Vehicle Outlook 2019 identifies over $140 billion in currently planned vehicle production capacity investments by nine companies, none of which is located in California. 


 • For the year ending June 30, China accounted for 54% of the global sales of BEVs and PHEVs. The share for the entire US was 16%. 


 • Aiways became the first Chinese manufacturer to launch electric vehicle sales in Europe. 


 • Ford announced it would produce its first all-electric SUV in Mexico. 


 • Reinforcing the conclusions in the Center’s prior analysis of battery-critical raw materials, Mackenzie’s most recent Global Battery Raw Materials Long-Term Outlook warned that supply chain constraints especially for cobalt, lithium, and nickel could limit the electric vehicle production capacity needed to meet California’s and other state and nation policies beginning in the mid-2020s. In May, Tesla also warned of imminent shortages in copper, nickel, and lithium that would constrain electric vehicle production. 


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Governor Brown Takes Action to Increase Zero-Emission Vehicles, Fund New Climate Investments

2018/01/26 - California Governor